The effect of using different commercial feeds in sea bream (Sparus aurata L. 1758) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L. 1758) aquacultured in the Güllük Gulf (Muğla, Türkiye) on fatty acid profile


Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of using different commercial feeds on growing performance and fatty acid profile of sea bream and sea bass aquacultured in net cages. Four different fish companies (i.e. 4 experimental groups) were given different commercial feeds (extruded fish feed) to be used regularly for 480 days. Omega-3 [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] values of feeds for groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 were 11.81%, 14.23%, 7.69%, and 12.01%, respectively. When compared, omega-3 components in sea bass were higher than in sea bream. EPA and DHA fatty acids were 12.53% in sea bass and 11.06% in sea bream. When fatty acid contents of feeds were compared with fatty acid levels of sea bream and sea bass, it was determined that the total monounsaturated fatty acid (ΣMUFA) level was the highest in sea bass (38.13%) and sea bream fishes (39.12%) in group 3 given fish meal that had the highest ΣMUFA content (38.05%). It was observed that the fatty acid profile of the sea bream and sea bass reflected the fatty acid contents of the feeds used in their feeding.

Keywords: Feed, sea bream, sea bass, fatty acid profile

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