Effects of parity and litter size on the energy contents and immunoglobulin G concentrations of Awassi ewe colostrum


Abstract: This study determined the energy content and immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration of Awassi ewe colostrum and examined the effects of parity and litter size on them. Colostral samples were collected from 57 ewes from the 1st to 7th parities with a litter size of 1 or 2, within 12 h after lambing. Concentrations of colostral fat, lactose, and protein were measured as energy sources, and IgG was measured as representative of the immunoglobulin content of the colostrum. Mean values obtained from analyses of the ewe colostrum samples were 7.4 ± 2.1 kJ/g for the energy value and 60.9 ± 21.4 mg/mL for IgG. Ewe parity did not influence colostral energy content, whereas the IgG concentration of the colostrum obtained from the primiparous ewes was higher than that from the multiparous ewes (P < 0.05). Among the multiparous ewes, the colostrum obtained from ewes carrying twins showed higher energy content and IgG concentrations than that from those carrying a single lamb (P < 0.05).

Keywords: Awassi sheep, colostrum, energy, immunoglobulin G

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