Acetic acid modulates induction of pulmonary hypertension in broiler chickens: based on electrocardiographic parameters


Abstract: To clarify the effect of acetic acid on the electrocardiographic parameters of pulmonary hypertensive broilers, chicks were reared at high altitude and treated with acetic acid (0.4 and 0.9 g/L) for 45 days. The right ventricle-to-total ventricle ratio was noted as an index of pulmonary hypertension that was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased in the treated groups. S amplitudes were significantly decreased only at 36 days (leads II and III) and 45 days (lead aVF) in many treated groups. There were significant (P < 0.05) reductions of T amplitudes at 28 days (leads aVR and aVL) and 36 days (lead aVL), and significant elevations of QRS (leads II, III, and aVF) and QT intervals (leads II, aVR, aVL, and aVF) at different ages of many treated groups. R amplitudes were significant (P < 0.05) at 28 days (leads aVL and aVF, at both doses of acetic acid), 36 days (leads aVR and aVL, at 0.4 g/L of acetic acid), and 45 days (lead aVR, at both doses of acetic acid). The RR interval also significantly increased at 28 days (leads aVR and aVL) and 45 days (lead aVL). It was concluded that acetic acid modulates induction of ventricular hypertrophy, dilation, and arrhythmia. These effects are detectable in many electrocardiographic parameters.

Keywords: Acetic acid, electrocardiographic parameters, broiler, altitude, pulmonary hypertension

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