Authors: ANEELA ZAMEER DURRANI, NADEEM KAMAL, ABDUL RAUF SHAKOORI, RANA MUHAMMAD YOUNUS
Abstract: The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of post parturient haemoglobinuria in buffaloes, and to compare the therapeutic efficacy of toldimfos sodium, sodium acid phosphate, and tea leaves. The prevalence of disease in 1000 animals, grouped according to varying stages of lactation and pregnancy, was recorded. Screening of positive animals based on clinical signs of haemoglobinuria, anaemia, and moderate pyrexia was performed. Urine and blood samples were collected. Blood samples were processed for haematological parameters and biochemical profile. Blood films were made and stained. The animals that were positive for disease were treated with sodium acid phosphate, toldimfos sodium, and tea leaves. Blood samples were collected before treatment and on day 1, 2, and 3 post-treatment, and processed in the laboratory for haematological parameters and biochemical profile. The data were analyzed statistically. Highest prevalence of post-parturient haemoglobinuria was recorded in animals within 4 weeks postpartum (60%). The highest prevalence of disease was seen at lactation 5 (32%). Therapeutic trials showed the highest efficacy with toldimfos sodium (85%) followed by tea leaves (56%) while the lowest efficacy was observed with sodium acid phosphate (18%).
Keywords: Buffalo, haemoglobinuria, hypophosphataemia, post-parturient, tea leaves, toldimfos sodium
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