Simultaneous Doppler-Radar and Dual-Polarization Radiometer Sensing in Environmental Investigations

Authors: Artashes K. ARAKELIAN

Abstract: The spectral, angular, polarization, air and water temperatures, sea surface wave and wind featres of the sea surface radar cross section and brightness temperature, as well as the variance of distribution of sea surface radar signal Doppler shift averaged by resolution cell are considered. It is shown that the mean and the variance of distribution of reflected signals Doppler shifted may be successfully used for estimation of sea surface wave degree. Microwave radar-radiometer method for simultaneous determination of water and air temperatures, sea wave degree, and wind speed, as well as method and device for detection and identification of different types of anomalous formations of environment are described.