Authors: MUSTAFA KÜRŞAT EVRENOS, PEYKER TEMİZ, FETHİ SIRRI ÇAM, MURAT YAMAN, LEVENT YOLERİ, AYLİN TÜREL ERMERTCAN
Abstract: Background/aim: Malignant melanoma is the most common cause of death due to skin cancers. The most common mutations in RAFRAS pathway from tumor oncogenes are BRAF and NRAS. In this study, we analyzed the frequency of BRAF and NRAS gene mutations and investigated their association with clinicopathological features of melanomas in the Turkish population. Materials and methods: 65 primary cutaneous melanoma were included in the study. The mutations were evaluated with real-time PCRbased PCR-array through allele-specific amplification, and the results were correlated with various clinicopathological characteristics. Results: 52.3% of the patients were female and 47.7% were male. The mean age of the patients with a mutation was lower than those without mutation. 16 patients had BRAF mutation. 12 patients had NRAS mutation. NRAS mutation was statistically more common in men (P = 0.036). The number of mitoses increased with the increase of the tumor thickness (P = 0.003). There was more mitosis in the presence of ulceration (P = 0.05). A total of 41.7% of NRAS mutations had adjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusion: We found lower mutation rate when compared to regional studies. NRAS mutation was common in men. This is the first study from our region evaluating the prognostic value of clinical stage and necessity of adjuvant treatment with the presence of BRAF and NRAS mutations.
Keywords: Malignant melanoma, mutation, BRAF, NRAS, real-time PCR
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