Authors: ŞENİZ GÖRAL, İDİL YENİCESU, GÜLENDAM BOZDAYI, AYSU DUYAN ÇAMURDAN, AYLİN ALTAY KOÇAK
Abstract: Background/aim: Parvovirus risk in blood transfusion has become a popular research topic since there are limited data on parvovirus seroprevalence in blood donors in Turkey. The aim of this study was to investigate parvovirus seroprevalence in blood donors in Turkey. Materials and methods: Blood samples of 988 blood donors admitted to a university blood bank were obtained for parvovirus B19 IgM and IgG detection. The samples were analyzed using the ELISA method. Results: IgM positivity of 3.92% and IgG positivity of 58.9% was detected in the blood samples. Parvovirus IgM positivity was found to be the highest in the age group of 41-50 years (P = 0.045) and IgG positivity was detected to be the highest in the age group of 31-40 years (P < 0.001). Parvovirus IgG positivity was significantly higher in women (P = 0.041). However, there was no difference regarding parvovirus IgM positivity in terms of sex (P = 0.245). Conclusion: Although this study does not represent the whole country, it is still the largest investigation carried out on the topic in Turkey and the obtained results are generally similar to those of European countries. Therefore, it is thought that the results obtained from this study may be supportive for the first steps regarding plasma fractionation, which will soon begin in Turkey.
Keywords: Transfusion medicine, ELISA, blood banking, parvovirus
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