Histopathological effects of mesenchymal stem cells in rats with bladder and posterior urethral injuries


Abstract: Background/aim: To evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in an experimental bladder and posterior urethral injury model. Materials and methods: The study subjects consisted of 40 male Wistar albino rats that were divided into four groups: control group (n = 10) (the bladder was only surgically opened and closed), sham group (n = 10) (surgical procedure), IVMSC group (n= 10) (surgical procedure and intravenous MSC treatment), and LMSC group (n = 10) (surgical procedure and local MSC treatment). Histopathological evaluation was performed for the degree of fibrosis and inflammation and the extent and intensity of staining of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endoglin (CD105). Results: There were no significant differences between the control and LMSC groups with respect to fibrosis (P = 0.070) or inflammation (P = 0.048). Fibrosis and inflammation were significantly lower in the IVMSC (P = 0.034 for fibrosis, P = 0.080 for inflammation) and LMSC (P = 0.01 for fibrosis, P = 0.013 for inflammation) groups when compared with the sham group. No significant differences regarding fibrosis and inflammation were observed between the IVMSC and LMSC groups (P = 0.198 for fibrosis, P = 0.248 for inflammation). A significant difference was noted between the sham and LMSC groups concerning VEGF staining intensity (P = 0.017). However, no significant difference was found among the groups with regard to the extent or intensity of CD105 staining (P > 0.05). Conclusion: MSC treatment significantly decreased the development of fibrosis in a uroepithelial injury model.

Keywords: Urinary bladder, urethra, mesenchymal stem cell, posterior urethral stricture, fibrosis

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