Does fibromyalgia have an effect on hearing loss in women?


Abstract: Background/aim: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients may have several neuroendocrine dysfunctions, resulting in a hypervigilant sensory output that may be responsible for sensorineural complaints. In this study, we evaluated the audiological findings of a cohort of female fibromyalgia patients. Materials and methods: Between 1 September 2012 and 1 June 2013, 35 female FM patients, followed by the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Bozok University, were recruited for the study. The patients were referred to the Department of Otolaryngology for routine otolaryngological and audiological evaluations. Age range was between 30 and 65 years, with a mean age of 48.10 years. The control group consisted of 25 healthy female volunteers ranging from 32 to 65 years (mean age: 45.52). All subjects were audiologically tested, including tympanometric evaluation. Low- and high-frequency audiometry was carried out by a single experienced investigator under standard audiometric testing conditions.Results: At low frequencies, the mean air conduction threshold values between the two groups were not statistically significant. At high frequencies, the mean air conduction threshold values and tympanometric values between the FM and control groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05 for both). Conclusion: Our results point to a pathophysiologic link between FM and the development of audiological abnormalities in these patients.

Keywords: Fibromyalgia, hearing loss, frequency

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