Authors: LAMIA MAKNI, AMIRA MESSADI, SABRINA ZIDI, EZZEDINE GAZOUANI, AMEL MEZLINI, BESMA YACOUBI-LOUESLATI
Abstract: Background/aim: We evaluated the association of TLR2 (-196 to -174 Ins/Del) and TLR3 (1377 C>T) as potential risk factors for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Tunisians. Material and methods: The study subjects comprised 137 NPC patients and 164 cancer-free control subjects. TLR2 genotyping was done by PCR and TLR3 genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP. Results: Minor allele frequency (MAF) and genotypes of TLR3 (1377 C>T) were comparable between NPC patients and controls. Significantly higher MAF and TLR2-containing Del allele genotypes of TLR2 (-196 to -174 Ins/Del) were seen in NPC patients compared to controls [OR (95% CI) = 2.10 (1.43-3.08), P < 0.001 and OR (95% CI) = 2.07 (1.27-3.37), P = 0.003]. In addition, higher increased NPC risk was associated with the TLR2-Del/Del genotype [OR (95% CI) = 2.74 (1.37-5.48), P = 0.004]. An increased frequency of the Del-T haplotype was seen in NPC cases compared to controls. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate an increased risk of NPC with the TLR2-Del/Del genotype and Del-T TLR2 and TLR3 haplotype, suggesting their potential use as biomarkers to evaluate NPC risk in Tunisians.
Keywords: Toll-like receptor, polymorphisms, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Tunisia
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