Authors: DİLEK SAĞLAM, HASAN DİNÇ, ABDULKADİR GÜNDÜZ, AYŞEGÜL CANSU, MEHMET HALİL ÖZTÜRK
Abstract: Background/aim: Endovascular embolization is widely used instead of surgery in the treatment of traumatic and postoperative abdominopelvic bleeding. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of computed tomography in the determination of active bleeding and the efficiency of endovascular embolization in traumatic and postoperative abdominopelvic bleeding. Materials and methods: Thirty-one patients admitted to our hospital with traumatic and postoperative abdominopelvic bleeding between January 2006 and September 2012 and treated with endovascular embolization were retrospectively enrolled in the study. In 15 hemodynamically stable patients, abdominal computed tomography was performed to detect the presence and/or localization of the hemorrhage. All 31 patients underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and endovascular embolization. Results: Active hemorrhage was detected in all patients evaluated by computed tomography. Thirty-two embolization procedures were performed in 31 patients. Embolization was successful in all procedures. Two patients needed retreatment because of recurrent bleeding. One patient died 2 days after embolization as a result of concomitant multiorgan injury. Conclusion: Computed tomography is able to detect active bleeding, allowing it to take the place of diagnostic DSA. If careful patient selection is carried out, endovascular embolization may be the final treatment, despite high-grade visceral organ injury.
Keywords: Active hemorrhage, trauma, endovascular treatment, computed tomography, digital subtraction angiography
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