Authors: UFUK ÇELİK, NİLÜFER YURTAY
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the classification accuracy of the ant colony optimization algorithm for the diagnosis of primary headaches using a website questionnaire expert system that was completed by patients. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 850 headache patients who randomly applied to hospital from three cities in Turkey with the assistance of a neurologist in each city. The patients filled in a detailed web-based headache questionnaire. Finally, neurologists' diagnosis results were compared with the classification results of an ant colony optimization-based classification algorithm. The ant colony algorithm for diagnosis classified patients with 96.9412% overall accuracy. Diagnosis accuracies of migraine, tension-type, and cluster headaches were 98.2%, 92.4%, and 98.2% respectively. The ant colony optimization-based algorithm has a successful classification potential on headache diagnosis. On the other hand, headache diagnosis using a website-based algorithm will be useful for neurologists in order to gather quick and precise results as well as tracking patients for their headache symptoms and medication usage by using electronic records from the Internet.
Keywords: Data mining, electronic health records and systems, clinical decision support, headache disorders, ant colony optimization algorithm,
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