Performance evolution of a newly developed general-use hybrid AIS-ANN system: AaA-response


Abstract: In this study, we have developed a nonlinear recognition system in the artificial immune systems (AIS) field named `AaA-response (artificial neural network (ANN)-aided AIS-response)', which is different from previous AIS methods in that it uses a different modeling strategy in the formation of the memory response. Because it also uses ANNs in the determination of the correct output, it can be seen as a hybrid system that involves AIS and ANN approaches. Unlike the other AIS methods, AaA-response uses multiple system units (or antibodies) to form an output for a presented input. This property gives the proposed system the ability of producing the desired output values, other than just being a classification algorithm. That is, AaA-response can also be used as a regression method, like ANNs, by producing any output value for the given inputs. The parameter analyses of the system were conducted on an artificially generated dataset, the Chainlink dataset, and the important points in the parameter selection were emphasized. To investigate the performance of the system for real-world problems, the Iris dataset and Statlog Heart Disease dataset, taken from the University of California - Irvine machine learning repository, were used. The system, which obtained 99.33% classification accuracy on the Iris dataset, has shown an important performance superiority with regard to the classification accuracy to other methods in the literature by reaching 90.37% classification accuracy for the Statlog Heart Disease dataset.

Keywords: Artificial immune systems, artificial neural networks, recognition, memory response, learning

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