Authors: EMA MICHAEL ABRAHAM, ENE GRACE OBANDE, MBAZOR CHUKWU, CHIBUZO GABRIEL CHUKWU, MKPUMA ROCK ONWE
Abstract: Abstract: The Wikki Warm Spring (WWS) is located on the Kerri-Kerri formation of tertiary age. This forms part of the Benue Basin, which links up with the Chad Basin in the north and extends southwest to the Anambra Basin in Nigeria. The stratigraphy of the WWS region consists of alluvium, the Kerri-Kerri formation, the Gombe formation, the Pindiga formation, the Yolde formation, the Bima formation, and basement rocks as the oldest. We estimate the depth to the bottom of magnetic sources (DBMS) in the WWS region using the fractal sources distribution approach on aeromagnetic data to identify the geothermal system of the WWS region. The adopted computational method is based on statistical methods of depth determination from the radial power spectrum assuming a fractal distribution of magnetic sources. The average estimated DBMS at the WWS source location is 10.72 ± 0.54 km. The obtained results imply an average thermal gradient of 54.11 °C km-1 and heat flow value of 135.28 mW/m2. Generally, shallow DBMS values are obtained in the northeastern region of the WWS area and these increase towards the southwestern region when regional variation patterns of estimated depths are considered. The generally shallow DBMS obtained in the study area is attributed to magmatic intrusion or diapirism in the subsurface and emphasizes the effects of large-scale tectonic events, particularly the basin-initiating event, as major influences on the thermal history. Results will contribute to decisions on where to drill boreholes for further geothermal energy exploration in the region.
Keywords: Aeromagnetic data, spectral analysis, fractals, Curie point depth, Wikki Warm Spring
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