Authors: NURETTİN YAYLI, OSMAN ÜÇÜNCÜ, AHMET YAŞAR, MURAT KÜÇÜK, NURAN YAYLI, EMİNE AKYÜZ, ŞENGÜL ALPAY KARAOĞLU
Abstract: The N-alkyl derivatisation and photochemical dimerisation of 3 o-, m-, and p-nitro substituted 4-azachalcones (1-3) yielded 3 new o-, m-, and p-nitro substituted (E)-N-decyl-4-azachalconium bromides, (2E)-1-(2-nitrophenyl)-3-(N-decyl-4-pyridinium bromide)-2-propen-1-one (4), (2E)-1-(3-nitrophenyl)-3-(N-decyl-4-pyridinium bromide)-2-propen- 1-one (5), and (2E)-1-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-(N-decyl-4-pyridinium bromide)- 2-propen-1-one (6), and 3 new dimers in solution, (1\beta, 2\alpha)-di- (3-nitrobenzoyl)-(3\beta, 4\alpha)-di-(4-pyridinyl) cyclobutane (7), (1\beta, 2\alpha)-di-(4-nitrobenzoyl)-(3\beta,4\alpha)-di-(4-pyridinyl) cyclobutane (8a), and (1\beta, 2\beta)-di-(4-nitrobenzoyl)-(3\beta, 4\alpha)-di-(4-pyridinyl)cyclobutane (8b), stereoselectively. The monomeric compounds showed good antimicrobial activity against test micro-organisms. The most sensitive micro-organisms were Gram-positive bacteria. The monomers also showed high antioxidant activity, while the dimerisation products 7-8a,b were less active. Compound 6 was found to have similar or even higher activity when compared to the standard antioxidants Trolox^R and vitamin C, respectively. The possible dimerisation products of compounds 1-3 were calculated theoretically. Experimental and theoretical calculations showed that \delta-truxinic type dimer is the most stable isomer.
Keywords: Nitro-(E)-4-azachalcones, nitro-(E)-N-decyl-4-azachalconium bromide, photodimerisation, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities
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