Authors: NEVİN GÜRBÜZ, EMİNE ÖZGE KARACA, İSMAİL ÖZDEMİR, BEKİR ÇETİNKAYA
Abstract: This review is focused on new developments reported during the last 3 years concerning the catalytic performances of in situ formed or preformed NHC--Pd(II) complexes (NHC: $N$-heterocyclic carbene) for cross-coupling reactions such as Heck--Mizoraki (often shortened to the Heck reaction), Kumada, Negishi, Suzuki--Miyaura (often shortened to the Suzuki reaction), Sonogashira and Hiyama couplings, and the Buchwald--Hartwig aminations, which are extremely powerful in the formation of C--C and C--heteroatom bonds. Due to the great number of publications and limited space here, we made a special attempt to compile the relevant data in tables, which we hope will serve as a guide for chemists interested in these reactions. The syntheses of the precatalysts and the generally accepted reaction mechanisms are also briefly described.
Keywords: $N$-heterocyclic carbene, palladium, cross-coupling reaction
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