Authors: ABDULKARIM-TALAQ MOHAMMAD, Guan-Yeow Yeap, HASNAH OSMAN
Abstract: A series of dimeric unsymmetrical liquid crystals derived from heterocyclic 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid exhibiting smectic A and nematic phase are reported. All compounds were prepared by the condensation of 4'-(R-(4-formylphenoxy)butoxy)biphenyl-4-carboxylate with 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid in ethanol. The mesomorphic properties were investigated by DSC and POM, where the type of phase depends on the length of spacer alkoxy chains and the length of the terminal chain. While the SmA phase was observed upon the heating and cooling run when the spacer alkoxy chains carbon numbers increased (n = 6), the N phase was observed when the length of spacer alkoxy chains increased (n = 8 and 10).
Keywords: Mesogen, Schiff's base, pyrimidine, 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid
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