Authors: MARCOS ROBERTO ABREU ALVES, LUCIANO SINDRA VIRTUOSO, ELSON SANTIAGO DE ALVARENGA, ÂNGELO MÁRCIO LEITE DENADAI
Abstract: The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of an anti-inflammatory agent, the bulky counterion named glucosamine (Gl^+), in sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS) in 2 ways: 1) by titration of SDS solutions with different concentrations of Gl^+; and 2) by titration of Gl^+ with SDS solution with concentration close to the critical micellar concentration (cmc) (7.7 mM). In procedure 1, micellisation study by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) showed that the increase in Gl^+ concentration reduces the cmc and the micellisation enthalpy. Increasing of the micellisation entropy was also observed, suggesting desolvation of micellar structures as a consequence of electrostatic attraction with Gl^+ ions. In procedure 2, titration of Gl^+ with SDS solution at 7.7 mM showed the existence of 3 distinct ranges of glucosamine/SDS concentrations, which were attributed to I) Gl^+ inducing micellisation, II) neutralisation of the micelles, and III) competition between the ions themselves in the micellar surface.
Keywords: SDS, micelles, glucosamine hydrochloride, osteoarthritis
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