Authors: MILENA KEREMIDARSKA-MARKOVA, EKATERINA RADEVA, DIMITAR MITEV, KAMELIA HRISTOVA-PANUSHEVA, BRETT PAULL, PAVEL NESTERENKO, JOSEF SEPITKA, ITA JUNKAR, ALES IGLIC, NATALIA KRASTEVA
Abstract: In the present study we demonstrated that composite PPHMDS/DND coatings with elastic moduli close to those of mature bone tissue (0.2-2.8 GPa) stimulated growth and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAD- MSCs). Composite coatings were prepared by a method of plasma polymerization (PP) where detonation nanodiamond (DND) particles in different amounts (0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg/mL) were added to hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS) before plasma deposition. This method allows variation only in the reduced elastic modulus (Er') with increase in the particle concentration, while the other surface properties, including surface wettability and topography, did not change. The response of hAD-MSCs to the increasing stiffness showed an effect on adhesion and osteogenic differentiation but not on cell proliferation. Matrix mineralization and cell spreading were maximized on PPHMDS/DND coatings with the highest elastic modulus (2.826 GPa), while the differences in proliferation rates among the samples were negligible. In general, PPHMDS/DND coatings provide better conditions for growth and osteogenic differentiation of hAD-MSCs in comparison to glass coverslips, confirming their suitability for osteo-integration applications. Additionally, our findings support the hypothesis that biomaterials with elasticity similar to that of the native tissue can improve the differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells.
Keywords: Detonation nanodiamonds, organosilicone, bone implants, stiffness, cell adhesion and growth
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