Authors: FANGZHOU LIU, YAN ZHU, YICHUAN QIAN, YANBIN ZHAO, XIAOTONG ZHAO, JIA ZHANG, YU ZHANG, YUAN ZHANG
Abstract: We aimed to evaluate the photothermal effects of gold nanorods (GNRs) modified with antiepidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody (mAb) on laryngeal cancer cells. EGFR protein expressions in HEP-2 cells, and normal laryngeal epithelial and laryngeal cancer tissues were detected by western blot. The cytotoxicity against HEP-2 and BEAS-2B cells was tested by MTT assay, and the photothermal effects were assessed by near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. The apoptosis of HEP-2 cells was detected by flow cytometry. EGFR expression in laryngeal cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues (P < 0.05). The inhibitory effects of GNRs and anti-EGFR mAb/GNRs on the apoptosis of HEP-2 and BEAS-2B cells were enhanced with increasing dose. Anti- EGFR mAb/GNRs were more cytotoxic to HEP-2 cells and less cytotoxic to BEAS-2B cells than GNRs. NIR irradiation inhibited cell proliferation, which was enhanced with rising power, accompanied by continuously dropping survival rate. The apoptosis rate of the anti-EGFR mAb/GNRs group was significantly higher than that of the GNRs group, and the apoptosis rate of the irradiation + anti- EGFR mAb/GNRs group also significantly exceeded that of the irradiation + GNRs group (P < 0.05). Anti-EGFR mAb/GNRs promoted HEP-2 cell apoptosis more evidently than GNRs did. Functional modification of GNRs augmented the targeted specificity to cancer cells, biocompatibility, and stability. Anti-EGFR mAb/GNRs have great potential in biomedical fields.
Keywords: Gold nanorod, epidermal growth factor receptor, monoclonal antibody, laryngeal cancer
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