Authors: EMİNE SÖNMEZ, ZİHNİ DEMİRBAĞ, İSMAİL DEMİR
Abstract: Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Hemiptera: Tingidae) is a pest of oaks that is highly distributed in several regions of the world, including North America, the Balkan Peninsula, Europe, and Turkey. In the present study, ten entomopathogenic fungi belonging to four different genera (Metarhizium (x4), Beauveria (x4), Isaria (x1), and Myriodontium (x1)) were tested against nymphs and adults of C. arcuata under laboratory conditions. Based on the initial screening studies, it was shown that all isolates were able to infect both nymph and adult individuals of the pest after application of 1 × 107 mL-1 conidial concentration. Among the tested isolates, Beauveria bassiana KTU-24 caused the highest mortality against both nymphs and adults within 14 days, with 80% and 90% mortality, respectively. This isolate also produced the highest mycosis values on both nymphs and adults, with 77% and 83% mycosis, respectively. Therefore, this isolate (B. bassiana KTU-24) was selected for concentration?mortality response tests for further characterization. The concentration mortality response tests showed that the conidial concentrations of 1 x 108 and 1 x 109 mL-1 of B. bassiana KTU-24 produced 100% mortality against nymphs and the conidial concentration of 1 x 109 mL-1 of this isolate caused 100% mortality against adults. Based on probit analysis, the LC50 values of the isolate B. bassiana KTU-24 were calculated as 1.17 x 107 and 6.44 x 106 conidia mL-1 against nymphs and adults, respectively. This study indicates that B. bassiana KTU-24 has a significant potential for further investigation as biological control agent against C. arcuata.
Keywords: Corythucha arcuata, entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria bassiana, lethal concentration
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